Our readers, especially the students/young people, must know about some important facts related with Blood Donation. Even there are questions in the Exams related with Blood Donations. Here we are providing you complete details regarding Blood Donation – Facts, Benefits for the donors, Myths behind donating blood and information related with various blood groups.
Why is Blood Donation is must ?
1. You can save the life of the needy.
2. Production of Blood is not possible nor is there any substitute possible of it. Donation is the only alternative.
3. In India, we need 40 million unit of 250 cc whereas we only get 5 lac unit blood.
4. In our body there is only 7% blood of the total weight of it.
5. As per the statistics, more than 25% people need blood in their lives.
Benefits of Donating Blood –
- People who are thinking to donate blood may want to know about benefits of Blood Donation. May be this fact encourage more and more people to come out donate blood.
- Blood Donation reduces the risk of heart-attack. Doctors believe that donation thickens blood which is good for heart.
- As per the latest researches, a regular donor has less danger of getting inflicted with cancer and other fatal diseases. The reason is that donation emits toxics found in human body.
- Bone-marrow creates new blood cells after the donation. So the body gets new blood cells besides activeness.
Myths regarding Blood Donation –
There are many myths that discourage people to do this one of the greatest donations of the world. Here are some –
It causes weakness –
- No it doesn’t cause weakness of any type. After donating blood, you can work as earlier. It doesn’t cause deficiency of any type in the body.
- Second, it is a safe and healthy tradition. The blood is compensated within 21 days. Even the body makes up the blood volume from 24 hours to 72 hours.
What to do/not do before donating blood ?
- There is the mini blood test before the donation. In this test, hemoglobin, blood pressure, weight, sugar etc are checked. There are also the test for Hepatitis B and C, HIV, Malaria etc. Such persons suffering from such problems are not eligible for blood donation.
- Only those who are more than 18 with weight 50 kg or more can donate three or four times in a year.
- If only 3% of the total eligible people donate blood, there shall be no dearth of blood in the blood banks in the country. There shall be no death due to shortage of blood.
- The donor must not smoke a few hours before or after the blood donation.
- A person who wishes to donate blood must not drink 24 to 48 hours before the donation.
- He/she must give correct answers to the queries by the doctor.
Availability of blood as per Blood Groups –
|Blood Group||Availability in Nos||Availability in %|
|O+||1 in 3 persons||37.4%|
|A+||1 in 3||35.7%|
|B+||1 in 12||8.5%|
|AB+||1 in 29||3.4%|
|B-||1 in 67||1.5%|
|AB- ( rare group)||1 in 167||.6%|
( Nature of Blood Groups) – Receivers from others.
- O- Group can only receive
- O+ Group person can take blood from O+ and O-
- A – Group can take blood from A- and O-
- B- can take blood from B- and O-
- B+ from B+, B-, O+ and O-
- AB- from AB-, B-, A- and O-
- AB+ from AB+, AB-, B+, B-, A+, A-, O+ and O-
So get ready to donate blood.
Allow your blood to run in others’ veins, the best way to live in others.
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