Punctuation is very important system as far as Written English is concerned. It is very important to use correct punctuation for correct meaning and effective language. Punctuation is a system in which various marks/symbols are used in writing to indicate pauses and division of sentences. So in a way, punctuation is the right way of putting in marks or stops in writing.
Check some of the Principal Marks of punctuation –
Comma ( ,), Apostrophe ( ‘ ), Semi Colon ( ; ), Colon ( : ), Quotation Marks ( ” ” ), Hyphen ( – ), Question Mark ( ?), etc.
In this article, we shall focus only on Comma and Apostrophe –
Use of Comma ( , ) –
a. For a short or slight pause to separate words in a list –
We purchased cake, candles, toffees and sweets for all.
Note – Comma is almost avoided before the word and.
b. To separate Adverbial Clause when it is followed by main clause –
When he comes, we will stand up.
c. To write a Noun in Apposition –
I would like to meet John, your friend.
d. To separate nominative absolute –
The sun having risen, we went for walk.
e. To separate initials and titles –
Mr. Robert, M.P., Ph.D etc.
f. After salutations and complementary close
My dear Ram,
My dear son,
g. In writing address –
H.No. – 27/5,
h. For Parenthetical Expressions –
In fact, we helped him.
Slowly, he recovered from his illness.
i. In question tags –
You don’t know him, do you ?
j. In place of omitted words –
He is intelligent, his brother, dull.
k. In reported speech –
I said to him,” I will help you.”
l. Rudra, bring me a glass of water.
Use of Apostrophe ( ‘ )
a. to show possession /belongings –
John’s house, My friend’s wife
Note – Apostrophe is not used with non-living words –
The bat’s price ( the price of the bat is correct)
b. With singular Nouns, we use ‘s and with plural nouns we only use ‘.
c. We don’t use apostrophe with pronouns –
Yours faithfully instead of your’s faithfully.
d. For omitted letters –
I’m, You’re, 7 O’clock
e. ‘s is used with figures and letters to make plural –
6’s and 7’s , P’s and Q’s
We shall update the post with more usage. If you have any point, you can share with us through the comment box below. Thanks