Zika - Facts/ Causes/ Symptoms and Prevention
The World Health Organization ( WHO) has warned India of Zika outbreak in the country. It has reported 3 cases in India which has triggered a bit of panic among the people. Besides, the Health Ministry is on the alert.
However, WHO has said that there is nothing to worry as current cases show low levels of transmission of the virus. When Zika has officially entered India, students of schools and colleges must know about it. From examination point of view, this topic is very important.
We have provided the whole information about Zika virus through question/answer mode.
What is Zika ? - About this Virus -
Q. What Causes Zika ?
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Answer - It is caused by a virus transmitted by Aedes mosquitoes. These mosquitoes also cause dengue.
Q. What are the symptoms suffering from Zika ?
Answer - People suffering from Zika show the following symptoms -
- Mild Fever
- Skin rash
- Muscle and Joint pain
Q. What is the duration of the symptoms ?
Answer - These symptoms last for 2 to 7 days.
Facts about Zika - Causes, Symptoms, Cure, History - Useful for upcoming Exams
Q. What is the effect of Zika on pregnant ladies ?
Answer - It causes birth defect (microcephaly )in babies delivered by the suffering mothers.
Q. How can Zika be prevented ?
Answer - The people can prevent this disease to spread by preventing themselves from mosquito bites.
Q. What is the proper treatment of Zika ?
Answer - Unfortunately, no medicine is available so far. However, no need of panic. Zika is normally mild and hence requires no intensive medical care. However, the patients must follow the given steps for treatment -
- Take plenty of rest
- Much intake of fluids
- Take common medicines as per requirement and prescribed by a doctor.
Q. When did India intimate WHO about Zika outbreak ?
Answer - On 15th May 2017
Q. How many countries have become Zika's victim so far ?
Answer - 84
Q. What is the full form of PHEIC ?
Answer - Public Health Emergency of International Concern
Q. What is the time period for the signatory member of WHO to notify it about Zika ?
Answer - 24 hours.
Q. Which family of virus does Zika belong to ?
Answer - Flaviviridae
Q. What is the group of Zika virus ?
Answer - Group IV
Q. Can Zika be transmitted via sexual intercourse ?
Answer - Yes. ( In most cases from infected males to females )
Q. When/Where was the virus first isolated ?
Answer - In April 1947 from a monkey ( Zika Forest, Uganda )
Q. When was the first evidence of human infection ?
Answer - In 1952