Non-Finite Verbs - Learn Rules for Competitive Exams

Having completed Tense, Voice, Narration and other topics, our next target is Non-Finite Verb. This topic is also very important for the upcoming exams by SSC, IBPS and other sectors.

Verbs have been divided in to two parts - Finite Verbs and Non-finite Verbs.

Finite Verbs - When the verb is limited by the number and person of its subject is called Finite Verb. For Example - I have helped him. She has helped me. Help here is a Finite Verb.

Non-finite Verbs - When the verb is not limited by the number and person of its subject is called Non-Finite verb. For Example - I have to help him. She has to go to Delhi. Help and Go in the sentences are Non-Finite Verbs.

After reading the rules from below, you can do this Non-Finite Practice Set 1

The Non-finite verb is further divided in to three parts -

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1. Infinitives 2. Gerunds 3. Participles

Use of Infinitive -

Infinitive is further divided in to Bare Infinitive and To Infinitive

Bare Infinitive or Verb 1st -

1. Bare infinitive is used with modal auxiliary verbs such as can, could, may, might, shall etc.

e.g. I can do this work.

2. With the verbs related with senses such as feel, hear, see, watch, notice etc.

I saw him go.

She heard me sing.

3. Let + obj + VI

Let me take tea.

4. Make + Obj + VI

He made me do this work.

5. With the expressions such as had better, had sooner, had rather, would rather, would sooner etc.

You had better read this book.

Use of Non- Finite Verbs with Examples

6. If but or except are preceded by do/does/ did -

He did nothing but weep.

Note - If there are other verbs rather than do/does/did we use to infinitive .

I wanted nothing but to help my brother.

7. With the expressions such as Why or Why not to ask questions and give suggestions.

Why pay more money for this service ?

Use of To + Infinitive -

1. As a subject to a verb -

To err is human ; to forgive divine.

2. To show purpose -

He went to Delhi to meet his friend.

3. With the Adverb Too -

He is too weak to walk.

4. As a complement to a verb -

His aim is to get first division.

5. With need and dare if they are not use as modal -

You need to work hard.

6. If the verb Make is used in the passive construction -

He is made to weep there.

7. Immediately after ordinal numbers -

He is the first person to come.

8. Immediately after W-H family in a simple sentence -

I don't know what to do.

9. With the words such as easy, difficult, able, unable etc

This sum is easy to solve.

10. With the phrases such as It is time, it is useless etc.

It is time to help him.

11. With the following verbs and words - want, wish, glad, happy, intend, prefer, promise etc.

I want to tell you .......

See uses of Gerund on 2nd page below.

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2 thoughts on “Non-Finite Verbs - Learn Rules for Competitive Exams”

  1. Respected Sir,
    you are requested to translate english into hindi also. especially must, must be, must have, must have been, must have to, must be+ing and all types use of would. please describe more or more examples so that we could understand the base/rules of sentence.

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