What are Transitive and Intransitive Verbs ? – Read Definitions with Examples.
Before we start, we must know the definition of Verb.
Verb – A word that speaks something about a person or a thing for which it comes. In a way, it tells us about the action done by a person. A verb may or may not take an object after it. According to this use whether it can take object after it or not, we divide the verb into two following parts.
Transitive and Intransitive Verbs –
Transitive Verb ( सकर्मक क्रिया )
If an object follows the verb in a sentence, we call this verb, transitive verb. Without this object, the meaning of the sentence shall remain incomplete. So for the completion of the sentence, the object is necessary here.
For example –
a. He makes chairs.
b. We have closed the window.
c. She killed the mosquitoes.
In these sentences, the verbs makes, closed and killed are followed by chairs, the window and mosquitoes respectively. Therefore, the verbs makes, closed, killed work as Transitive verbs.
Without the transitive verbs, in these sentences, the meaning will be incomplete. The question will rise and the listener will certainly ask what.
He makes – What ?
We have closed – What ?
She killed – What ?
Intransitive Verb (अकर्मक क्रिया )
A verb which doesn’t need any object after it is called Intransitive Verb. This verb can complete the meaning of the sentence without having any object. Look at some of the examples below –
a. She died yesterday.
b. He came here.
c. She has gone.
In the above sentences, the verbs such as died, came and gone are intransitive verbs as they have given the complete sense to the sentences without having objects after them.
There are verbs which can work both as transitive and intransitive verbs.
|Transitive Use of Verbs||Intransitive Use|
|She runs a shop.||She runs very fast.|
|The peon is ringing the bell.||The bell is ringing.|
|The boys walked the horse to the barn.||She walks very fast|
|She has left the place||She has left|
There are some intransitive verbs which can work as transitive verbs if connected with the prepositions. See the examples –
a. She is laughing at us.
b. The police looked into the matter.
In these sentences, the verbs laugh and look are working as transitive verbs.