What are moods according to English Grammar ? - Read Types of Verb Mood with Examples
The origin of the word " Mood" is from the Latin Word ' modus' which means ' manner'. Hence, moods of a verb are the various manners or modes in which actions are expressed. There are three types of moods of English Verbs.
a. Indicative Mood -
We call a verb in Indicative Mood if it makes a factual statement or asks a question, or shows a supposition assumed to be a fact.
Check Examples showing Indicative Mood -
i. Statement -
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Rudra is my son.
Kinjal has been sleeping for two hours.
He comes here daily.
ii. Question -
What is she doing now ?
Are you mad ?
Do you know where she is ?
b. Imperative Mood -
We call a verb in Imperative mood if it shows a command, a request, a piece of advice or prayer. Most of such sentences begin with main verb but the subject ' You' is implied here. These sentences also begin with Let.
Check Examples -
i. To show Command -
Go there at once.
Close the door immediately.
ii. To show Request -
Bring me a glass, please.
Please, move a bit.
iii. To give piece of Advice -
Do exercise regularly.
Consult the doctor.
iv. Prayer / Entreaty -
Have mercy upon the poor.
Give your blessings.
c. Subjunctive Mood -
We rarely use this mood in Present Day English. However, we use it to show mood to a minor extent. Use of Subjunctive Mood -
i. to show wish or prayer -
God bless you !
Long live the Emperor !
ii. To show desire, intention, resolution etc.
The people wished that the officer be dismissed.
It is suggested that a library be opened in the middle of the city.
iii. To show unreal fact after the verb ' wish' -
I wish I knew her.
He wishes he were the Prime Minister.
iv. After the phrases as if/ as though to show unreality or improbability -
He behaves as if he were the Emperor.
She walks as if she were the princess.
v. After the phrase ' it is time -
It is time we started our work.
It is time you took decision.
vi. After the phrase ' would rather' -
I would rather he came here by train.
She would rather we invited her.
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