In all the exams where English Literature plays a crucial role, there a no of questions are asked on Technical Terms – Rhetoric and Prosody. We have already published one Sample paper related with Rhetoric and Prosody. This is an elaborated Sample Paper that may help you if you are preparing for UGC NET English, Screening Tests for Asst Professors, PGT Posts etc. Firs of all read a small descriptions of both these technical terms.
What is Rhetoric ?
The word Rhetoric is derived from the Greek word ” Rhetorika” which means the art of oratory. It means the art of speaking or writing effectively.
What is Prosody ?
The word Prosody has been obtained from the Latin Prosodia which means Syllable and also from Greek Prosodia which means song sung to music, tone or a syllable. Thus it means ” the pattern of rhythm and sound used in poetry.”
Important Terms of English Literature –
1. Alexandrine –
This is a line of verse containing six iambic feet.
2. Aphorism –
A concise, compact and terse expression.
3. Cadence –
The rise and fall by the alteration of louder and soft syllables.
4. Ottava Rime –
Eight lines in iambic pentameter ab ab ab cc.
5. Refrain –
Repeated line at the end of stanza.
6. Anapaest –
Two short unaccented syllables followed by a long accented syllable.
7. Enjambment –
Running on of the sense of a line into the next line.
8. Pindaric Ode – After the Greek Poet Pindar – Divided in to three parts, Strophe ( 1-3 stanza), Anti Strophe ( 7-9 stanza ) and Epode ( 7-9 stanza )
9. Euphony –
Smooth flow of sound
10. Iambus –
Two syllables first unaccented followed by accented.
11. Blank verse –
Unrhymed verse in iambic pentameter.
12. Rhyme Royal –
Seven lines in Iambic Pentameter ab ab bcc.
13. Spenserian –
Nine Lines – 8 in iambic pentameter, one Alexandrine ( ab ab bc bc c ).
14. Terza rime –
Three lines ( Iambic and One syllable ) 11 Syllables
15. Heroic Couplet –
Iambic Pentameter lines rhymed in pairs.