There is much talk about Women Empowerment or Role of Women or Modern Indian Women these days. Some say that women are empowered now, others say that they are being empowered and still others are here who are not agree from these people at they maintain the women are still backward in almost all the areas. Has woman's position really changed ? Is she empowered in this man dominated world ? We have to pour on to the past and then analyse the present in that light to find the answer of these tricky questions.
Women Empowerment is also called महिला सशक्तिकरण in Hindi. During the Vedic period, women were held in great esteem and were treated as equal with men in every walk of life. No religious rites and rituals could be performed without wife.
The women were also given education like men. They enjoyed considerable freedom regarding the choice of their husband. But with the passage of time, they fell off that exalted position and began to be maltreated. They were never consulted in household affairs and were not allowed to take their decisions.
In the 19th century, people didn't send their girls to schools. Only girls from the upper class society were allowed to get only at home. But great social reformers such as Raja Ram Mohan Rai, Ishwar Chandra Vidya Sagar, Swami Dayanand Saraswati etc did their best to improve the condition of the women and it was due to their untiring efforts that the girls started getting education at schools.
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In this orthodox society, women are never treated as equal to men. In this patriarchal society, they are dominated by men. They are limited only to the household chores. They do everything to please their husbands, children and other members of their in-laws, but they are always disregarded, maltreated and insulted in many ways instead of getting any reward.
But their role in the making of the nation can't be denied. They are the valuable human resources for our country. They are equal partner with the men in the building of the country. They are in every field whether it is the Politics or sports or cinema or manufacturing units or army.
In Politics there have been and are very active and powerful female leaders with the likes of Mrs Indira Gandhi, Chief Minister of Tamilnadu Jayalalita, West Bengal CM Mamta Bannerji etc. In sports we have Saina Nehwal, Sania Mirza etc.
We can't forget the names of Kalpana Chawla and Sunita Williams who have earned good name as astronauts. Even in the army the women have shown strong presence as fighters. They are doctors, engineers, lawyers, teachers at schools and universities, MP's, MLA's, and what not.
In reality, they are now on the verge of being empowered.