Clause means part. There may be one part of a sentence or more than one. First of all check the following sentences -
Ram is playing cricket.
This is a simple sentence with one finite verb. So the sentence contains one clause which is a main clause. So a simple sentence contains one Main Sentence.
He told me that he would not go.
The Sentence contains two parts - He told me and that he would not go.
The first one is compete in itself with Subject and Verb and thus called main clause whereas the second one is not complete and is helpful to the main clause in giving the complete meaning. In other words, it is its subordinate and hence called Subordinate clause. So a sentence that contains one Main Sentence and one or more than subordinate clause is called Complex Sentence.
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Ram came and sat by me.
When a sentence contains two or mare main clauses, it is called Compound Sentence. They are joined by Coordinating conjunctions.
In this blog post, we will talk about Complex Clause and its types.
As you know that a Complex Clause is divided in to Main Clause and Subordinate Clause. The Subordinate Clause is further divided in to three parts namely Noun Subordinate Clause, Noun Relative Clause and Noun Adverbial Clause.
1. Noun Subordinate Clause -
A noun clause does the work of a Noun.
Function of Noun Clause -
a. A Subject to a verb -
Where he is going is uncertain.
b. An object to a verb -
He said that he would help me.
c. The object to a Preposition -
Please attend to what I say.
d. The object to an Infinitive -
I want to know why you have stolen my books.
e. The object to a Gerund -
He believes in enjoying whatever he gets.
f. The object to a Participle -
I found her remembering what she had composed.
g. The Complement to a verb -
I made her what she is today.
h. The Complement of an Adjective -
We are all sure that he will pass this time.
i. In an Apposition to a Noun -
The news that he was ill is not true.
j. In apposition to Pronoun It -
It is clear that he will not come today.
The italics part of the sentences are Noun clauses.
We shall update this with Relative Clause later.