Geography Of India – Important Facts

India is a big country with diversity. There is a great diversity as far as its Geography is concerned. It is situated in the southern part of Asian continent. It is surrounded by the seas from the three sides. Indian Ocean touches its feet in the south.

There are many questions in the competitive exams related with Indian Geography. Read some of the facts related with Geography of India.

Important Facts related with the Geography of India

Location of India –

India is located from 8 degree 4′ north latitude to 37 degree 6′ north latitude and 68 degree 7′ east longitude to 97 degree 25′ east longitude.

Standard Time of India –

The standard time of India has been obtained from Naini place in Allahabad. This place is located 82 degree 30′ east longitude. This time is 5 hrs and 30 minutes ahead of GMT ( International Standard of Time).

Area of India –

The area of India is 32,87,263 sq km. In area, India has 7th position in the world.

Population of India

In Population, India is second after China. India has 2.4% land of the total land of the world whereas 17.4% population lives in this country.

Geography of India

Rahasthan is the biggest state and Goa is the smallest one of India as far as the area is concerned.

In Union Territories ( UTs), the Andaman Nicobar Islands are the largest in area whereas Lakshadweep is the smallest.

The length of Indian boundary on land is 15,200 km and watery boundary is 7516.6 km.

India’s most southern point is Indira Point which sits at Great Nicobar Island at Bay of Bengal.

There are two volcanoes located at the Andaman Nicobar – they are Barren and Narkondam.

Climate and Rain in India.

The climate of India is Tropical and most of the rain takes place in due to Monsoon.

The Average Rainfall in India is 118 cms. Leh receives the smallest amount of rainfall.

Forests in India –

Area wise the largest forest covered area is MP whereas the lowest forest covered area is Haryana.

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