Punctuation is very important system as far as Written English is concerned. It is very important to use correct punctuation for correct meaning and effective language. Punctuation is a system in which various marks/symbols are used in writing to indicate pauses and division of sentences. So in a way, punctuation is the right way of putting in marks or stops in writing.
Check some of the Principal Marks of punctuation -
Comma ( ,), Apostrophe ( ' ), Semi Colon ( ; ), Colon ( : ), Quotation Marks ( " " ), Hyphen ( - ), Question Mark ( ?), etc.
In this article, we shall focus only on Comma and Apostrophe -
Use of Comma ( , ) -
a. For a short or slight pause to separate words in a list -
We purchased cake, candles, toffees and sweets for all.
Note - Comma is almost avoided before the word and.
b. To separate Adverbial Clause when it is followed by main clause -
When he comes, we will stand up.
c. To write a Noun in Apposition -
I would like to meet John, your friend.
d. To separate nominative absolute -
The sun having risen, we went for walk.
e. To separate initials and titles -
Mr. Robert, M.P., Ph.D etc.
f. After salutations and complementary close
My dear Ram,
My dear son,
g. In writing address -
H.No. - 27/5,
h. For Parenthetical Expressions -
In fact, we helped him.
Slowly, he recovered from his illness.
i. In question tags -
You don't know him, do you ?
j. In place of omitted words -
He is intelligent, his brother, dull.
k. In reported speech -
I said to him," I will help you."
l. Rudra, bring me a glass of water.
Use of Apostrophe ( ' )
a. to show possession /belongings -
John's house, My friend's wife
Note - Apostrophe is not used with non-living words -
The bat's price ( the price of the bat is correct)
b. With singular Nouns, we use 's and with plural nouns we only use '.
c. We don't use apostrophe with pronouns -
Yours faithfully instead of your's faithfully.
d. For omitted letters -
I'm, You're, 7 O'clock
e. 's is used with figures and letters to make plural -
6's and 7's , P's and Q's
We shall update the post with more usage. If you have any point, you can share with us through the comment box below. Thanks