Pt Jawahar Lal Nehru had once said, " I have received so much affection from my Indian Brothers and Sisters that whatever I'll do can't return even the fraction of that. It is very difficult for me to explain the love and affection bestowed on me by the people of all communities and I feel overwhelmed." These lines show how great Pt Nehru was.
Due to his contribution to the making of Modern India he got tremendous love from the people of India. He was more popular among the children. That's why, the children would call him Chacha Nehru. (Uncle Nehru)
Pt J.L Nehru was the first PM of India. He was born on 14th of Nov 1889. His father was Motilal Nehru who was a noted barrister of that time. He had two sisters named Vijaya Lakshmi and Krishna. It was the affluent family. The house in which they would live was called Anand Bhawan situated at Allahabad. The most of Education of Pt Nehru took place at home.
The English teachers would come to his home to teach him. In 1905, he went to England and got admission to a school there. Having completed his matric there, he took admission to Cambridge college there. He did his graduation and LLB from there and became barrister and returned India.
When Pt Nehru came to India, the whole country was struggling for the freedom. Most of the leaders were in Jail. He met Gandhi Ji. That meeting changed his life thoroughly. He resolved to give his everything for the freedom of the country. Had he wanted, he would have lived happily. But his mind was filled with patriotism and strong feeling that the country must be free.
In 1916, he was married to Kamala. The Freedom movement got pace after 1916. The English Govt passed the Rowlatt Act. In 1919, the Jalianwala incident took place. It was the massacre and it shook the whole country. Protests erupted everywhere in the country.
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Consequently, many leaders were sent to jail. Pt Nehru was also one of them. In 1927, Nehru boycotted Symon Commission at Allahabad by showing black flags. Nehru was beaten with canes. At Lahore Lala Lajpat Rai was beaten to death.
Due to active participation in the Freedom struggle, Jawahar Lal Nehru had become very prominent in the party. As a result, he was chosen the Lahore Congress Session President on 26th January 1929 and the Complete Freedom Resolution got passed there.
He participated in all the movements actively started by Gandhi Ji. He boycotted the English things. Again he was sent to jail. In the meantime, his wife got ill. He was refused leave. As a result, people agitated. He was released. In the meantime, Kamla Nehru was sent to Europe for the treatment. Nehru also went there. It seems as it she was waiting for him. She breathed her last in Europe.
Nehru had become a right hand of MK Gandhi in the fight against the Britishers. In 1942, Gandhi Ji launched Quit India Movement. Nehru Ji participated actively. Again he went to Jail and remained there for 3 years now. He was released on 16th of June 1945.
There there was the Agreement between Indian leaders and the English Govt. In 1946, temporary Govt was made under the Chairmanship of Lord Wavell. Pt Nehru was made the Prime Minister. But the Govt didn't last long. India got freedom on 15th August 1947.
And Jawahar Lal Nehru became the first PM of free India. He remained the PM for 17 years at a stretch. It was the longest period ever that any Indian PM held the post. With the passage of time, he became the world leader. In most of the International Issues, his opinion was sought. He didn't allow India to be a part of any International Groups. Five Principles of Peaceful Co-existence ( पंचशील का सिंद्धांत ) is also given by him.
He is also known as the Architect of Modern India. A no of Five Years' Plans were started. New Industries were set up, new dams were constructed. He also demonstrated strong will-power when China attacked India in 1962.
Pt Nehru was also a great writer. He had written a no of books in English. His most famous books are - Discovery of India, My Story, and Glimpse of World History. Nehru had great respect for Indian Tradition and cultures. He had respect for all the religions. He was influenced by Lord Buddha.
He also gave a big contribution in the making of Indian Constitution. Dr Bhimrao Ambedkar appreciated him for helping in the preparation of the Draft of the constitution.
Pt Nehru was the soul of India. Even he had prepared his will before his death that read - "When I die, my ashes must be sent to Allahabad. A fistful of it must be thrown in to the Ganges and the rest of it must be scattered on to the fields of India where the farmers of India toil, so that these ashes get mixed with the soil of India."
On 27th of May 1964, he bade adieu to this mortal world to go to the final abode of living creatures. In 1955, Pt Nehru was bestowed with Bharat Ratna.